University of California at Santa Cruz
Baskin School of Engineering
Electrical Engineering Department
EE171: Analog Electronics
Spring 2004

Instructor: Ali Shakouri
Office: 253A Baskin Engineering Building
Phone: (831) 459-3821
TA: Zhongda (John) Wang Office Hours: Th: 4-6pm
Grader: Eugene Meydbray
Discussion Session: Eugene: T: 5-7pm, John: T: 3-4pm both in BE113
Lecture: M,W 5:00 to 6:45pm, Earth and Marine B214
Office Hours: T,W 4-5pm
Texts: Electronics, Allan R. Hambley, Prentice Hall, 2nd Ed., 1999, 0136919820
OrCAD PSpice for Windows Volume 1:DC and AC Circuits, Third edition by Roy W. Goody
Reference Texts: The Art of Electronics by Paul Horowitz, Winfield Hill
Schaum's Outline of Basic Circuit Analysis by John O'Malley
Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits by Paul R. Gray, Robert G. Meyer
Microelectronic Circuits by Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith
Grading Policy: Final 30%, Two midterms 30%, Homework 20%, Quizzes 20% (tentative)
Notes: * After a quiz, exam or homework is returned, you will have 1 week to discuss about the grading if there is a problem.
* You will need to pass the lecture in order to pass the lab.

Tentative Schedule
Lect. Date
Reading Assignment Home work due Laboratory Start
1 3/29 Introduction/ Overview Chapter 1.1-1.11  
2 3/31 Op Amp Review, Non idealities
EE70 Review Quiz
3 4/5 Op Amp Frequency Response, Differentiate and Integrator 2.7, 2.8, 2.10, 2.11 Reading Questions Ch2b

PSpice Tutorial 1

Lab 1

4 4/7 Diodes
3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 Reading Questions Ch3a

Homework 1 Chapter 1 (6,15,25,33,39,56,65), Chapter 2 (12,25,43,69,75) Solution

5 4/12 Diodes cont., Bipolar Junction Transistor 3.8, 4.1, 4.2
Reading Questions Ch3b-4a

PSpice Tutorial 2
Extra Homework A

Lab 2
6 4/14 Bipolar transistor (large and small signal models) 4.3-4.6
Reading Questions Ch4b
Homework 2 Chapter 3 (5,7,9,15,25,42,53), Chapter 4 (7,11,14) Solution
7 4/19 Common Emitter Amplifier, BJT Digital Switch 4.7-4.9
Reading Questions Ch4c
Extra Homework B (Solution)
Sample Midterm1


8 4/21 Midterm 1  

Homework 3 Chapter 4 (reduced/ modified set, due Tuesday 4/20 at 5pm at instructor's office BE253A) (20,21,22,33,45,58) (Solution)

9 4/26 Field Effect Transistor 5.1-5.3
Reading Questions Ch5a

PSpice Tutorial 3

Lab 3
10 4/28 FET small signal, Common Source, JFET 5.4-5.7
Reading Questions Ch5b

Homework 4 (modified) Chapter 4 (64) Chapter 5 (3,18,19,22) (Solution)

11 5/3 IC Biasing and Current Sources

Ch. 5, pp. 343-348, 7.1, 7.2
Reading Questions Ch7a

Pspice Tutorial 4 Lab 4
12  5/5 Differential Amplifiers (large and small signal) 7.4, 7.5, 7.8
Reading Questions Ch7b

Homework 5 (modified) Chapter 5 (34,39,41,42,65,71) (Solution)

13 5/10 Digital Logic Circuits 6.2-6.3
Reading Questions Ch6a

PSpice Tutorial 5
Lab 5
14 5/12 Digital Logic Circuits 6.4-6.6
Reading Questions Ch6b

Homework 6 Chapter 7 (modified) (10,13,15,23,27,41,43,49,69,70) (Solution)

15 5/17 Frequency Response   8.1, 8.2
Reading Questions Ch8a

Sample Midterm 2

16 5/19 Midterm 2  

Homework 7 Chapter 6 (16,23,24,26,32,38,40,49,53,61) (Solution) (modified, due Tuesday 5/18 at 5pm at instructor's office BE253A)

17 5/24 (CMOS Inverter) Miller effect, Hybrid-Pi model (skip) 8.3, 8.4 (skip)
Reading Questions Ch8b

PSpice Tutorial 6
Lab 6
18  5/26 High Frequency Amplifier Response (skip) Thermal consideration, Output Stages (Classes A, B)

8.5, 8.6, 8.7
Reading Questions Ch8c (skip)
10.1, 10.3, 10.4
Reading Questions Ch10

Homework 8 (modified) Chapter 8 (7,8,9,14,20,22) + Review Ch2 (54,77), Ch3 (26), Ch 4 (51,59) (Solution)

19 6/2 Review   Homework 9 (modified) Chapter 10 (6,12,22,24,35abc) + Review Ch5 (23,44,72), Ch 7 (14,40,50) (Solution)
Wednesday, June 9, 7:30–10:30 P.M
Sample Final 1, Sample Final 2
Lab: Oral Final Exam (Tuesday, June 8th: Check with TA the time of your exam)

Lab 0: Introduction to Circuits Lab (to be read during the week of 3/29 -from EE70-)
Lab1:  Op Amps
Lab 2: Diodes
Lab 3: Bipolar Transistors
Lab 4: Introduction to JFET
Lab 5: CMOS Devices and Logic
Lab 6: Analog Optical Transmission System
Lab Grading Policy: Lab reports 40%, Engineering notebooks 20%, Oral final exam 40%

LM741 Data Sheet
2N3904 Data Sheet
2N5486 Data Sheet

* Keycodes to the lab. can be obtained from SoE Facilities, BE-057 (Basement Level), 1-3pm M-F only.
* 4/5 Lab sections are Tuesday 1-3pm and Thursday 2-4pm. Please see which section you are assigned. If you have any questions, please contact the TA.
* 4/6 Please bring your EE70 lab kits to the lab sessions.
4/8 List of students who have to do extra homework A (due 4/12) and B (due 4/19).
4/15 Please see the modified homework 3 problems with the new due date.
4/19 Additional instructor office hours before Midterm 1: Wednesday 4/21 9-11am.
* 5/13 Additional TA Recitation Session before Midterm 2: Friday 5/14, 3-5pm.
* 5/17 Additional instructor office hours before Midterm 2: Wednesday 5/19 10am-12pm.
5/19 On Monday May 24th, we will have a quiz at the begining of the class. It will have 2 questions, one from homework 7 and the other one from reading assignment (Chapter 8).
* 5/31 Office hour on Wednesday 6/2 will be 10am-11am (instead of the usual time 4-5pm).
6/3 Extra Office Hours for the Final Exam: Instructor Monday 6/7 4-6pm, Wednesday 6/9 (NEW TIMES) 9:30am-10:30am, 11:30am-12:30pm, John: Friday 6/4 1-3pm, Tuesday 6/8 2-4pm
* 6/3 Lab: Oral Final Exam: Tuesday June 8th. You should have received an email on 6/5 mentioning your time slot for the 30 minute oral exam. If you haven't, please check with the TA. Don't forget to bring your engineering notebook.

Course Description

EE171. Analog Electronics: Introduction to (semiconductor) electronic devices. Conduction of electric currents in semiconductors, the semiconductor p-n junction, the transistor. Analysis and synthesis of linear and nonlinear electronic circuits containing diodes and transistors. Biasing, small signal models, frequency response, and feedback. Operational amplifiers and integrated circuits.
EE171L. Analog Electronics Laboratory: Laboratory sequence illustrating topics covered in course 171. One two-hour laboratory session per week.

Explanation of Prerequisite:
EE70: Introduction to the physical basis and mathematical models of electrical components and circuits. Basic understanding of electronic components is essential in order to study more elaborate analog circuits. Phasors and complex analysis are heavily used in the high frequency analysis.

Course outline:

Core topics:

1. Op amps
2. Diodes
3. Bipolar transistors
4. Transistor circuits
5. Small signal model
6. Field effect transistor
7. IC biasing and current sources
8. Differential amplifier
9. Digital logic circuits
10. Frequency response
11. Thermal consideration and output stages

Course Expectations
Learning occurs by the active involvement of the student.Consequently there will be many different opportunities for active learning, such as cooperative problem-solving in lab. The student isexpected to come to class prepared to think and learn. The lecture period will be used to establish fundamental concepts. The lab periods will be used to practice the engineering skills of problem-solving and data acquisition and analysis.

During both lab and lecture time, you will be asked to participate in solving problems. Always bring your calculator to both lab andlecture. It also is helpful to bring your textbook along.

To get the most out of this class, you need to read the assigned sections in the textbook before coming to class, and most importantly to read the assigned Lab Notes before coming to lab sections. There will bequizzes in the lab sessions. It is advisable to review the Learning Objectives frequently to keep track of your own progress. Don't feel that you have to be failing the course to come see your instructor or TA; come to ask questions.

Study Suggestions for EE171 (and Upperdivision Engineering Courses)

1) Do the reading before each lecture, the readings are listed for each lecture in the schedule above.
2) Read with a pencil and paper and try to do all the examples before you read their solutions. This is very valuable.
3) Seriously engage with all the homework problems, try them all before you work with someone else. There is no substitute for doing lots of problems to learn this material.
4) Make a copy of your homeworks and check your result against the solutions. Go back and figure out what you didn't understand.
5) This class is challenging and moves rapidly, falling behind is fatal. The results from one week will be used the next.
6) You need to be able to figure out what you don't understand and then ask your fellow students, the TAs, or the instructor for help if you cannot figure it out on your own.
7) Take notes and review them before lecture.
8) You are encouraged to work in groups and discuss about the homework assignments. However, each has to write his/her own solution and fully understand them

Homework Assignments
Homeworks will be assigned and collected during class sessions,and will generally follow a weekly sequence. Solutions will be handedout (or posted at our web site) on the date of collection. Thus, latehomework will not be accepted or graded. Homework is graded in terms of it being complete, well organized, readable and showing evidence of thoughtful attention to the problem itself. Sloppy submissions will not be considered for grading.

Grading Method
The course will not be graded on a curve. It is possible for everyone to earn an "A" or for everyone to earn an "F". Yourfinal course grade does not depend in any way upon anyone else's performance. Thus it is to your benefit to find a group of people you can study with and to help each other learn.Getting 50% in the final is mandatory in order to pass the class.

Lecture Quizzes: Quizzes will be given that cover the material from the lectures reading assignments and homework from the previous assignments. Besure to look over your homework and solutions to make sure that you understand how to do all of the problems. Since your homework will not in general be returned prior to the quiz you may wish to make a copy of your assignments so that you can check them yourself against the solutions. Homework problems will definitely be on the quizzes and probably on midterms and finals. Quizzes will sometimes be given at the beginning of class so don't be late.

The lab sessions take place in BE 113.
Each lab report is to be submitted the following week, at the lab or section. For each day that the report is late, 5% will be subtracted from the grade.
Midterm and Final problems frequently seem to have come from problems related to the labs in the past. Be sure that you not only do the mechanics of the lab but that you also understand the circuits, principles and topics involved.


Lab Grading


Lab Quizzes: At the start of each new lab there will be a quiz covering the topics of the lab. Be sure that you read the lab before you come to lab session and, even if you don't intend to complete the lab during the allotted time, come to the beginning of each lab session.

Additional Reference Materials
Textbook Website (Electronics)

Link to Hambley web site Lots of great information here!

Online Web Demos
Here is a link to a website with lots of examples on node/mesh analysis, Thevenin, Norton etc. (Thanks, Gavin!)

Here is a link to be a very useful interactive web site that has lots of useful examples. While some of the material is beyond the level of this class, there is much here that could be useful, particularly to develop your intuition about how circuits work. Try it out and let me know what you think. Here is the link:

Semiconductor Applets:
PN junction diode: approaching equilibrium
BJT Transistor: Charge Flow into/out-of the Base region
Small-signal equivalent circuit model (hybrid-PI model)
Device Fabrication:  PN Junction Diode
MOSFET: Channel ON-OFF by Vgs, Pinchoff-Continuous by Vgd


Academic Dishonesty and Cheating:

Any confirmed academic dishonesty including but not limited to copying homeworks or cheating on exams, will result in a no-pass or failing grade. You are encouraged to read the campus policies regarding academic integrity. Examples of cheating include (but are not limited to):

  • Sharing or copying results or other information during an examination.
  • Working on an exam before or after the official time allowed.
  • Submitting homework that is not your own work.
  • Reading another student's homework solution before it is due.
  • Allowing someone else to read your homework solution before the assignment is due.
  • Use homework solutions from previous years.
If there is any question as to whether a given action might be construed as cheating, see me before you engage in any such action.

Required skills to pass the course:

Required skills to pass the course:
1. Analyze circuits based on op amps with positive and negative feedback. Calculate gain, input and output impedances.
2. Explain intuitively how pn-junctions are formed and how diodes work.
3. Find the DC operating condition of circuits containing diodes or transistors using load-line analysis technique.
4. Understand how half-wave and full-wave rectifying circuits work.
5. Learn the basic operation of bipolar junction transistor (BJT) and distinguish different modes: active, cut-off and saturation.
6. Understand the small-signal equivalent circuit of a BJT and use it to derive gain, input and output impedances for single stage circuits.
7. Basic understanding how depletion-mode and enhancement-mode MOS field-effect transistors work. Concept of channel pinch off.
8. Describe basic operation of junction field effect transistors and difference between n- and p-channels.
9. Enumerate design rules for discrete and integrated circuits.
10. Understand basic operation of a current mirror, and use of Wilson and Widlar current sources.
11. Calculate the gain for the emitter coupled differential pair. Understand the concept of common-mode rejection ratio.
12. Explain noise margin, fan out, static & dynamic power dissipation, rise and fall times, propagation delay in digital circuits.
13. Calculate input/output transfer characteristics and static power dissipation in resistor pull up MOS inverter and CMOS inverter.
14. Calculate transition times and propagation delay for MOS inverters.
15. Basic understanding of frequency response. Definition of pole, zero, break frequency, dB and Bode plot.
16. Understand the Miller effect due to feedback.
17. Significance of hybrid-pi model for BJT at high frequencies.
18. Learn how to use SPICE to simulate behavior of various circuits.
19. Behave safely in a laboratory environment, use such laboratory instruments as the oscilloscope, the digital multimeter, etc., and keep a record of the experimental work done during a lab session.
20. Design and build op amp circuits in inverting and non-inverting configurations, study frequency response and slow rate limitations.
21. Measure diode characteristics (ideality factor, reverse saturation current and dynamic resistance at given bias condition).
22. Design and build an emitter follower BJT circuit. Choose the bias condition for maximum input signal swing.
23. Design and build a JFET common-source amplifier, measure DC operating conditions and the small signal voltage gain.
24. Design and build resistor pull up and CMOS inverter circuits. Measure the transfer characteristics and determine noise margins.
25. Design and Build an analog optical transmission system using an LED, a photodiode and a loudspeaker. Optimize output stage to drive the loudspeaker and optimize signal to noise ratio.

Comments on following courses

CE 172 Linear and Nonlinear Circuits: Kirchhoff's laws. Tellegen's theorem. First- and second-order linear and nonlinear dynamic circuits (including switching, triggering, and memory circuits). General network analysis. Sinusoidal steady-state analysis. Introduction to numerical methods for computer aided analysis: Gaussian Elimination and LU decomposition, Newton-Raphson algorithm, forward and backward Euler method and Trapezoidal method. This course supplements EE171 in that it covers issues related to nonlinear circuits and computer aided analysis.

CE173 High Speed Digital Design: Studies of analog circuit principles relevant to high-speed digital design: signal propagation, crosstalk, and electromagnetic interference. Topics include electrical characteristics of digital circuits, interfacing different logic families, measurement techniques, transmission lines, ground planes and grounding, terminations, power systems, connectors/ribbon cables, clock distribution, shielding, electromagnetic compatibility and noise suppression, and bus architectures. This course supplements EE171 in that it covers issues related to high-speed digital design.


Ali Shakouri
Last updated: June 9, 2004 6:13 PM