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Spring 2011

 

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WELCOME

This is an introduction to energy conversion and storage with special emphasis on renewable sources. Fundamental energy conversion limits based on physics and existing material properties will be discussed. Various sources such as solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal and fuel cells will be described. An analysis of different alternative sources will be performed and key scientific, economical and social roadblocks for large scale implementation will be examined. Finally, the latest research on solar cells and applications of nanotechnology on energy conversion and storage will be introduced.

EE80J Prerequisites: This class does not have any math, physics or engineering prerequisites. All the necessary concepts will be introduced during the course.

Hands-on Laboratories
This provides an opportunity for students to see how various energy conversion devices work and understand better the advantages and difficulties to harness energy from renewable sources. Most of the experiments are done in groups of two.

New in 2011: each lab is updated with short ~5min video training at the beginning.

EE180J Advanced Renewable Energy Sources
5 credits
Prerequisite (pre-calculus: Math 3 or AMS 2, 3, 5 or 7)
Enrollment limited to 30

Same lectures as EE80J + additional discussion sections/ homeworks + more comprehensive lab reports, project and final exam

EE180J students are expected to do everything EE80J students do and, in addition, they have to be able to do some quantitative analysis of the site assessment and resource requirements for key renewable sources. Discussion sessions for EE180J students are 2 hours per week while that of EE80J students are 1 hour long.

Additional discussion session topics for EE180J students:

  • Energy and power, energy conversion units
  • Solar energy estimation, site selection, photovoltaic installation
  • Biomass energy content, energy balance
  • Wind energy estimation, site selection


NEWS

·          New dates for Report 3 (4/14/2011)

 

SYLLABUS

Instructor: Prof. Ali Shakouri

Office: 253A Baskin Engineering Building

Phone: (831) 459-3821

E-mail: ali@soe.ucsc.edu

Lecture: Baskin Engineering  Auditorium 101; T,Th 4-5:45pm

Office Hours: Wednesday 4-5pm, Thursday 3-4pm

Discussion Sections/Labs: These will be all in Baskin Engineering Room 162 (we will combine labs and discussion sessions)

Additional Instructor: Oxana Pantchenko <oxana@soe.ucsc.edu>

Project Coordinator: Kirsten Rudestam <krudesta@ucsc.edu>

Teaching Assistants: Alamelu Sankaranarayanan <asankara@ucsc.edu>; Ali Adabi <aadabi@soe.ucsc.edu>

Text:

  • Renewable Energy, Godfrey Boyle, 2nd Edition, 2004

Additional References: (reserved at Science & Engineering Library, 1 day)

  • Out of Gas, David Goodstein, 2004
  • Energy: Physical, Environmental, and Social Impact (3rd Edition) by Gordon J. Aubrecht (2005)
  • Energy at the Crossroads: Global Perspectives and Uncertainties by Vaclav Smil, (2005)
  • Sustainable Energy Without the Hot Air, David MacKay free online version available- (2009)
  • Energy: Science, Policy, and the Pursuit of Sustainability by Randall Baker, Lloyd Orr, and Robert Bent (2002) http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucsc/Doc?id=10064667

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TENTATIVE SCHEDULE (version  3/31/2011)

Lect. #

Date

Topic

Course Reading, Events

Labs/ Discussion Sections

EE180J ONLY

Additional Recommended Reading

1

3/29

Introduction/ Overview

Lecture 1

Energy/Environment/Science/Technology(12 pages); Introduction to Energy Sources (11 pages)

Week 1 Reading Questions

 

 

Scientific notation (5pages)

2

3/31

Energy basics;
Heat and Thermodynamics

Energy Conversion and Efficiency (9 pages); Heat, Temperature and Thermodynamics (5 pages); Energy Services (4 pages)

 

Hmwk 1 on Energy and Power (due on 4/7 4pm)

Greenhouse effect (2pages)

3

4/5

Electricity, Radiation; Conventional Energy Sources (power plants, engines) 

Basic electricity (9 pages)
Electric power history (5 pages)
Electricity and Magnetism, Sun (5 pages)

Week 2 Reading Questions

Week2: Lab 1 Solar Path Finder

 

Performing calculations (5pages)

4

4/7

World/US energy consumption, Course Overview

Lecture 4

 

Hmwk 2:  Power and Temperature (due on 4/12 at 4pm)

Projections (4pages)
Order/Disorder

5

4/12

Home Energy Audit,

Solar Thermal, Building Design

Lecture 5

Home energy audit (44 pages)
Hot water energy (1 page)

Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat (26 pages)
Historic passive solar techniques (1 page); Boyle (18-29,36,40,49-55,58-62)

Report 1: (in class Energy Quiz)

Week 3 Reading Questions

Week 3: Lab 2 Flywheel;
Energy and Power review

 

Fossil fuels history (2 pages)

6

4/14

Solar Energy, Photovoltaics

Lecture 6

Photovoltaic (12 pages); Boyle (66-83,92-100);

Group project/proposal guidelines

 

Photoelectricity (4pages)

7

4/19

Photovoltaics (cont.); Group project/proposal

Lecture 7

Report 2 (Energy Audit) Due on eCommons;

Group project/proposal: student teams

Week 4 Reading Questions

Week 4 : Lab 3 Remote Solar Tracker

Large scale solar
(5 pages)

8

4/21

Bioenergy and biomass

Lecture 8 

Boyle (106-112,127,133-145);

Advanced Biomass (30 pages);

 

9

4/26

Bioenergy (cont.); Algae Biofuel

Presentation by Dr. Jonathan Trent (NASA Ames) on YouTube: Can we cultivate energy? Algae OMEGA

Week 5 Reading Questions

Week 5: Lab 4 Biofuels

 Hmwk3: Biomass (due on 5/3 at 4pm)

 Biomass (17 pages)

10

4/28

Renewable Energy Economics;

Lecture 10

Intro to Wind Energy

Wind power (11 pages)

Baker et al. Chapter 6 Energy and Sustainable Economic Growth by Lloyed Orr

 Report 3 (Outline) due on eCommons at 4pm

Borenstein: The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production (January 2008)

11

5/3

Wind

Lecture 11

Home Energy Audit Results

Boyle (244-248,270-285); Energy audit discussion

Week 6 Reading Questions

Week 6: Lab 5 Wind Energy + Discussion section: class project, outside resources

Hmwk 4: Wind (due on 5/12 at 4pm)

Wind development (4pages)

12 

5/5

Renewable Energies in Denmark and in Europe Lecture 12a;

Energy Predictions

Lecture 12b

Guest Lecture: Prof. Arne Remmen (Aalborg Univ., Denmark);

·    Denmark 2050 (read Energy Strategy 2050 Summary)

·    Samso Island 100% renewable energy

Against Forecasting (V. Smil, 60 pages);

13

5/10

Energy Consumption and social change; Climate change discussion;

Waste heat recovery, Thermoelectrics, Energy in transportation

Lecture 13

 Guest Lectures: Profs. Ben Crow (Sociology); Lipschutz (Politics)

Week 7 Reading Questions

Week 7: Lab 6 Hydroelectric + Discussion section: group project feedback

Advanced Photovoltaics (23 pages); Hmwk 5: PV panels (due on 5/19 at 4pm)

Baker et al. Chapter 4  Culture and Energy Consumption by Richard Wilk;

14

5/12

Hydroelectricity, Ocean Power, Geothermal;

Lecture 14

Boyle (342-349); Boyle (148-154,177-192); Boyle (196-203; 298-302,334,337);

 

15

5/17

Renewable Energy Policy

Energy saving (illumination/appliances)
Recycling

 

Lecture 15

Greening the Grid (short) Guest Lecture (Prof. Tim Duane, Env. Studies)

Illumination saving (4pages)
Recycling (5 pages)

 

Week 8 Reading Questions

Week 8: Lab 7 Thermoelectric Report 3 (Rough Draft) due on eCommons at 4pm

Greening the Grid (T. Duane, 2010; Full length paper)

16

5/19

Microgrids, electric cars

Guest Lecture: Prof. Joel Kubby (Electrical Engineering)

 

 

17

5/24

Nuclear energy (Fission, Fusion, pros and cons);

Lecture 17

Nuclear energy history (4 pages); Guest Lecture: Prof. John Vesecky (Electrical Engineering)

Week 9 Reading Questions

Week 9: Lab 8 Fuel Cell Car

 

Nuclear energy (advanced reading, 7 pages)

18 

5/26

Energy and Development; Lomborg’s Cool It

Guest Lectures: Profs. Ben Crow (Sociology), Ronnie Lipschutz (Politics)

 

Alternative View on Global Warming: Wired Magazine June 2008

19

5/31

UC Sustainable Community, Course Overview

Guest Lecture: Dr. Jonathan Trent (NASA Ames, Algae Omega)

UC-Sustainable Community

Week 10 : Final Review

Smil, V. 2006. 21st century energy: Some sobering thoughts. OECD Observer 258/59: 22-23.

20

6/2

Course Overview; Hydrogen Economy, Fuel cells, Energy storage; ARPA-E

Lecture 20 Overview

Lecture 20 Storage/H2

Hydrogen/Fuel cell (5 pages); Boyle (406-409); Energy Storage (pp.157-181)

 

Baker et al. Chapter 5 Energy Policy : The Problem of Public Perception by Randall Baker

 

 

Final

Sample EE80J final questions

Sample EE180J final questions

Tuesday, June 7, 12:00-3:00pm

Report 3 (Final written project) due on eCommons at 4pm on Tuesday June 7th

EE80J: Multiple choice questions (optional final exam) (90 min)

EE180J: Multiple choice + descriptive (3 hours)

 

 

REPORTS

Report 1: (Individual) in-class quiz (Energy Basics)
Tuesday
4/12, 4:00pm-4:45pm.
The quiz will cover the material in the first 4-5 lectures. This should help with the personal energy audit.

Report 2: (Individual) Personal Energy Use Audit
Due Tuesday
4/19 at 4pm on eCommons.
Report is due on eCommons

To complete the Questionnaire please click here.

Required report format:

FINAL PROJECT/PROPOSAL

Report 3: (Group Project/Proposal) Write a Proposal Related to Renewable Energies
Report 3 Manual (Word file)

Report 3 Overview (Powerpoint file)

Proposal Outline Due on Thursday 4/28 at 4pm on eCommons
Proposal Rough Draft Due to Tuesday 5/17 at 4pm on eCommons
Final Report Due
Tuesday 6/7 at 4pm on eCommons and in class  (include 1. Your graded rough draft 2. One paper copy of the final report per group 3. One self/peer evaluation per group member 4. One rough draft response sheet per group)

 

GRADING

EE80J Grading (tentative):

  • Personal energy audit (report 1: 10%, report 2: 25%) total: 35%
  • In class activities (10%)
  • Labs and discussion sessions (25%)
  • Group project (report 3: local implementation of renewable energy sources or efficiency measures) (30%)
  • Optional final exam (multiple choice questions, can replace in-class activities + labs/discussion sections) (35%)

EE180J Grading (tentative):

  • Personal energy audit (report 1: 7%, report 2: 18% ; total = 25%)
  • Labs and discussion sections (15%)
  • Homeworks (10%)
  • In class activities (5%)
  • Group project (report 3, local implementation of renewable energy sources or efficiency measures) more extensive than the report required for EE80J (each student in the group should have a separate contribution) (25%)
  • Final exam (multiple choice + problems based on the discussion sections and labs) (20%)

Late reports will be penalized (-20%/day). You need to turn in your report before the deadline (typically at 4pm). To give some flexibility, each student will have a total of 5 days of grace period to miss the deadlines (you can e.g. turn in report 2 three days late and report 3 two days late without penalty). In addition, you can miss 2 in-class activities and 2 labs/discussion sections without any penalty.

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RELATED COURSES

·         Sociology 179 Nature, poverty and progress
Prof. Ben Crow, who is giving guest lectures in this course, covers the social aspects of the development and its environmental impacts in the course Sociology 179 (Nature, poverty and progress dilemmas of environment and development). We are coordinating the syllabus of these two courses so that students who want to learn more about the societal impacts of development and the role of renewable energies sources can take Sociology 179. Sociology 179 will be offered in 2011-12.

·         Sociology 115 Collaborative Design for Sustainable Technology, Prof. Melanie Dupuis
A small lab course designed to help students work interdisciplinary teams to practice sustainable technology design.

·         EE80S Sustainability Engineering and Practice,
Instructor: Katie Monsen (in collaboration with Profs. Ronnie Lipschutz, Steve Gliessmann, Melanie Dupuis, Ben Crow and Ali Shakouri)
http://www.soe.ucsc.edu/classes/ee080s/Fall10/
Topical introduction to principles and practices of sustainability engineering and ecological design with emphasis on implementation in society. Provides an understanding of basic scientific, engineering, and social principles in the design, deployment, and operation of resource-based human systems, and how they can be maintained for this and future generations. No specialized background in engineering, science, or social sciences is assumed. (General Education Code(s): T7-Natural Sciences or Social Sciences.)

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ADDITIONAL REFERENCE MATERIALS

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ACADEMIC DISHONESTY AND CHEATING

Any confirmed academic dishonesty including but not limited to copying reports or cheating on exams, will result in a no-pass or failing grade. You are encouraged to read the campus policies regarding academic integrity. Examples of cheating include (but are not limited to):

If there is any question as to whether a given action might be construed as cheating, see me before you engage in any such action.

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