Spring 2009

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This is an introduction to energy conversion and storage with special emphasis on renewable sources. Fundamental energy conversion limits based on physics and existing material properties will be discussed. Various sources such as solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal and fuel cells will be described. An analysis of different alternative sources will be performed and key scientific, economical and social roadblocks for large scale implementation will be examined. Finally, the latest research on solar cells and applications of nanotechnology on energy conversion and storage will be introduced.

EE80J Prerequisites: This class does not have any math, physics or engineering prerequisites. All the necessary concepts will be introduced during the course.

New in 2009: Hands-on Laboratories
Various renewable energy devices and their functions will be explored. Following energy conversions will be observed and measured;

  • Lab 1: Greenhouse effect (Radiation to thermal energy)
  • Lab 2: Flywheel (Mechanical to electrical energy)
  • Lab 3: Solar path finder –only for EE180J students-
  • Lab 4: Photovoltaic motor (Solar to electric to mechanical energy)
  • Lab 5: Hydroelectric (Mechanical to electric energy)
  • Lab 6: Wind turbine (Mechanical to electric energy)
  • Lab 7: Thermoelectric (Thermal to electrical to mechanical)
  • Lab 8: Hydrogen fuel cell car (Chemical to electrical to mechanical energy)

EE180J Advanced Renewable Energy Sources
5 credits
Prerequisite (pre-calculus: Math 3 or AMS 2, 3, 5 or 7)
Enrollment limited to 30

Same lectures as EE80J + additional discussion sections/homeworks + more comprehensive lab reports, project and final exam

EE180J students are expected to do everything EE80J students do and, in addition, they have to be able to do some quantitative analysis of the site assessment and resource requirements for key renewable sources.

Additional discussion session topics:

  • Energy and power, energy conversion units
  • Solar energy estimation, site selection, photovoltaic installation
  • Biomass energy content, energy balance
  • Wind energy estimation, site selection





Instructor: Prof. Ali Shakouri

Office: 253A Baskin Engineering Building

Phone: (831) 459-3821

E-mail: ali@soe.ucsc.edu

Lecture: Baskin Engineering  Auditorium 101; T,Th 4-5:45pm

Office Hours: Wednesday 4-5pm, Thursday 3-4pm

Discussion Sections/Labs: These will be all in Baskin Engineering Room 162 (we will combine labs and discussion sessions)

Project Coordinator: Dr. Dustin Mulvaney (dustin@ucsc.edu) (Report 3) Office Hours: Thursday 2-4pm (545B Engineering 2)

Teaching Assistant: Dan O’Leary (dan@soe.ucsc.edu) (Labs, EE180J) Office Hours: TBA

Teaching Assistant: Qi Zhao (zhaoqi@soe.ucsc.edu) (Course logistics, WebCT, Reports 1,2) Office Hours: Tuesday 3-4pm (301 Engineering 2)

Grader/Reader : Lucy McLaurin, Jas Condley, and Corinne Morozum


  • Course Reader ($20, Business with Pleasure: www.bwp.cc; will come to 1st and 2nd lectures)
  • Renewable Energy, Godfrey Boyle, 2004

Additional References: (reserved at Science Library, 1 day)

  • Out of Gas, David Goodstein, 2004
  • Energy at the Crossroads: Global Perspectives and Uncertainties by Vaclav Smil, (2005)
  • Energy: Physical, Environmental, and Social Impact (3rd Edition) by Gordon J. Aubrecht (2005)
  • Energy: Science, Policy, and the Pursuit of Sustainability by Randall Baker, Lloyd Orr, and Robert Bent (2002) http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ucsc/Doc?id=10064667

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Lect. #



Course Reader, events

Labs/ Discussion Sections


Additional Recommended Reading



Introduction/ Overview; World Energy Usage

Lecture 1

Energy/Environment/Science/Technology(12 pages); Introduction (course reader pp.1-6)



Scientific notation (5pages)



Energy basics;
Heat and Thermodynamics Lecture 2 (Overview)

Energy Basics (course reader: pp. 7-25) ; Heat, Temperature and Thermodynamics (pp. 26-33)


Hmwk 1 on Energy and Power (due on 4/10 10am, WebCT)

Greenhouse effect (2pages)



Solar Thermal, Building Design

Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat (pp.77-102)
Historic passive solar techniques (1 page)

Week2: Lab 1 Greenhouse effect


Performing calculations (pp.65-69)



Electricity, Radiation Lecture 4 (World, US energy)

Basic electricity (course reader pp. 137-145)
Electric power history (5 pages)
Electricity and Magnetism, Sun (5 pages)


Hmwk 2: Power and Temper-ature (due on 4/16 at 4pm, WebCT)

Projections (4pages)



Home Energy Audit, Conventional Energy Sources (power plants, engines, nuclear power)

Home energy audit (course reader pp. 33-76)
Hot water energy (1 page)
Nuclear energy history (4 pages)
Heat/work demonstration

Week 3: Lab 2 Flywheel;
Energy and Power review


Fossil fuels history (2 pages)
Nuclear energy (advanced reading, 7 pages)



Solar Energy, Photovoltaics

Photovoltaic (pp. 103-110)

Report 1: (in class Energy Quiz)

 Course reader pp. 110-136

Photoelectricity (4pages)



Photovoltaics (cont.)

Guest lecture (Dustin Mulvaney)


Week 4 : Lab 3 Solar Path Finder

Large scale solar
(5 pages)



Class project, Entrepreneurial problems of new initiatives

Proposals (Getting ready for report # 3)

Report 2 (Energy Audit) Due on WebCT





Hydroelectricity, Ocean Power, geothermal


Week 5: Lab 4 Photovoltaic Motor +Discussion section: class project, group formation




Bioenergy, biomass; Guest Lecture (Renewable Energies in Denmark)

Introduction to Biomass (pp.183-212); Guest Lecture (Anders Mueller –Baltic Sea Solutions)


 Hmwk3: Photovolatic cells (due on 5/7 at 4pm, WebCT)

Biomass (17 pages)



Bioenergy (cont.),
Energy predictions

 V. Smil: Ch 3. Against Forecasting (pp. 121-180); Guest lecture (Dustin Mulvaney);

Week 6: Lab 5 Hydroelectric + Discussion section: class project, outside resources



Wind Energy, Guest Lecture (de Winter: viewgraphs -125MB-; lecture notes)

Wind power (pp.146-156); Guest lecture (Francis de Winter: The Future in Energy, Peak Oil, Domestic Solar Hot Water)

Report 3 (Outline) due in class and on WebCT

Hmwk 4: Biomass (due on 5/14 at 4pm, WebCT)

Wind development (4pages)



Energy in the society (Shove)
Debate (Copenhagen Concensus)

Paper by Shove Revealing the invisible (sociology, energy and the environment)
Guest Lectures (Ben Crow –Sociology; Elizabeth Shove –Univ. of Lancaster)

Week 7: Lab 6 Wind Energy + Discussion section: group project feedback

Baker et al. Chapter 4  Culture and Energy Consumption by Richard Wilk



Wind Energy (cont.), Waste heat recovery, Thermoelectrics, Energy in transportation


Hmwk 5: Wind energy (due on 5/21 at 4pm, WebCT)




Economics of renewable energy sources, Sociology and Climate Change

Guest Lectures (Nirvikar Singh –Economics; Ben Crow –Sociology);

Week 8: Lab 7 Thermoelectric + Discussion section: group project

 Borenstein: The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production (January 2008)

Baker et al. Chapter 6  Energy and Sustainable Economic Growth by Lloyed Orr  



Hydrogen Economy, Fuel cells, energy storage

Hydrogen/Fuel cell (5 pages); Energy Storage (pp.157-181); Climate change discussion ; Energy audit discussion

Report 3 (Rough Draft) due in class and on WebCT





Energy scavenging, electric bike, hybrid car

Guest Lecture (Ken Pedrotti –Electrical Engineering)

Week 9: Lab 8 Fuel Cell Car





Energy saving (illumination/appliances)
, Algae Biofuels; UC-SC Initiative -54MB-

Illumination saving (4pages)
Recycling (5 pages)
Guest Lecture (Jonathan Trent, NASA Ames); Algae OMEGA, UC Sustainable Community Proposal, UC-SC Funding


Alternative View on Global Warming: Wired Magazine June 2008



Renewable Energy Policy

Guest Lecture (Brent Haddad –Env. Studies, Jason Burnett)

Report 3 (Final written project) due in class and on WebCT at 4pm (new date)

Week 10 : Final Review

Smil, V. 2006. 21st century energy: Some sobering thoughts. OECD Observer 258/59: 22-23.



Nanotechnology and its applications to energy conversion and storage; Renewable energy research at UCSC; Course Overview


Report 3 (Self/peer evaluation form) due in class and on WebCT at 4pm


Baker et al. Chapter 5 Energy Policy : The Problem of Public Perception by Randall Baker



EE80J Sample Final Questions
EE180J Sample Final Questions

Wednesday, June 10; 8:00–11:00 A.M.

EE80J: Multiple choice questions (optional final exam) (90 min)

EE180J: Multiple choice + descriptive (3 hours)




Report 1: (Individual) in-class quiz (Energy Basics)
Thursday 4/16, 4:00pm-4:45pm.
The quiz will cover the material in the first 4-5 lectures. This should help with the personal energy audit.


Report 2: (Individual) Personal Energy Use Audit
Due Thursday 4/23 at 4pm on WebCT.
-See handouts, WebCT questionnaire and course reader for details-

The goal of this project is for students to get a full picture of the supply and demand of energy used in their daily life. While working on this project, students will identify all energy services and their energy sources, obtain historical records of energy usage, determine the energy consumption for each service, analyze the information, draw conclusions and make recommendations.

Required report format:

  • Abstract (5pts)
  • Introduction (should include information about student) (5pts)
  • Calculations and Analysis
    • List of energy services and sources (5 pts)
    • Hot water consumption (15 pts)
    • Transportation (15 pts)
    • Electricity usage
      • Calculated from labels (15 pts)
      • Measured with “Kill a Watt”  (15 pts)
        • When appliances are on
        • When appliances are off
  • Conclusion (should include qualitative and quantitative analysis summary from previous section). Should answer following questions,   (15 pts)
    • Which energy services are the biggest energy users?
    • How would you expect energy use for each service to change though out the year?
    • Any surprises or noteworthy points?
    • From working on this project, would you now consider alternative energy sources for particular services?
    • From the calculations above, suggest a replacement for one of the high energy appliances? 
    • Would you now consider a habit or lifestyle change?


Project Overview

Report 3: (Group Project) Write a Proposal Related to Renewable Energies, 10 pages
Proposal Outline Due on Thursday 5/7 at 4pm on WebCT and in class
Proposal Rough Draft Due to Tuesday 5/21 at 4pm on WebCT and in class
Final Report Due
Tuesday 6/2 at 4pm on WebCT and in class
Self/Peer Evaluation Form Due
Thursday 6/4 at 4pm on WebCT and in class

Write a proposal to a Private Foundation, the National Science Foundation, etc. about an idea to help with the energy crisis in the future. The proposal should include (abstract, introduction, statement of the problem, proposed solution, implementation, budget, personnel, and timeline). The ideas could be scientific (e.g. how to make a better solar cell), or non-scientific for a company, store, school, hospital or for a city, state or country on how to improve energy efficiency, increase recycling, reduce pollution, increase the use of renewable energies.
-See handouts, Example of proposals will be given-

May 7th: (10 points).  Project outlines due in Lecture. (This is your initial idea, which who your partner(s) are, research questions, implementation goals and timelines.  Feedback will be provided within a week.  We also expect you to contact other students as well as the individuals and organizations currently involved in this work.
May 21th Complete Rough Draft Due (20 points)
This will be a full first draft, structured according to the project description.  We expect only one draft per group. You will get feed-back through a peer review process in section as well as from the graders/TAs / instructors and allied project partners.

June 2nd  Final Written Project Due (70 points) Please remember that the full project is worth 25-30% of your course grade. There are several components relevant to the final project and they include the following:
•  There will also be peer review process in which each member will state their contribution to the group and evaluate the contributions made by other team members.
•  If you write an outstanding project, we can assist you to submit this to a granting institution (government, foundation or other) to finance this project. This is optional, but it will be a great experience.
•  No late Final Written Projects will be accepted, please contact TA’s and instructors for assistance.

The final report will be evaluated as follows:

 Creativity (originality and innovative thinking evidenced in both the proposal and implementation strategy)

10 pts

     Have you clearly identified the steps needed to implement the final project?
     Budget and budget justification 


Background (What is the context?  Are there other examples elsewhere?)


Peer / Self Evaluations *(See attached form)


Measurements (What measurements / estimates did you take?  Do they appear to be accurate? What calculations were made, for example did the team estimate the carbon footprint associated with a given technology, calculate a rate of return on investment, and/or estimate the payback time?)


Overall Report (the overall quality of the final report)


References (Are the sources credible?)


Format and Clarity (Is the paper clearly written and formatted?)


*In exceptional cases the peer / self evaluations can a larger percentage of the final project.

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EE80J Grading (tentative):

  • Personal energy audit (report 1: 10%, report 2: 25%) total: 35%
  • In class activities (10%)
  • Labs and discussion sessions (25%)
  • Group project (report 3: local implementation of renewable energy sources or efficiency measures) (30%)
  • Optional final exam (multiple choice questions, can replace in-class activities + labs/discussion sections) (35%)

EE180J Grading (tentative):

  • Personal energy audit (report 1: 7%, report 2: 18% ; total = 25%)
  • Labs and discussion sections (15%)
  • Homeworks (10%)
  • In class activities (5%)
  • Group project (report 3, local implementation of renewable energy sources or efficiency measures) –more extensive than the report required for EE80J (each student in the group should have a separate contribution) (25%)
  • Final exam (multiple choice + problems based on the discussion sections and labs) (20%)


Late reports will be penalized (-20%/day). You need to turn in your report before the deadline (typically at 4pm). To give some flexibility, each student will have a total of 5 days of grace period to miss the deadlines (you can e.g. turn in report 2 three days late and report 3 two days late without penalty). In addition, you can miss 2 in-class activities and 2 labs/discussion sections without any penalty.

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·         Sociology 179 Nature, poverty and progress
Prof. Ben Crow, who is giving guest lectures in this course, covers the social aspects of the development and its environmental impacts in the course Sociology 179 (Nature, poverty and progress –dilemmas of environment and development). We are coordinating the syllabus of these two courses so that students who want to learn more about the societal impacts of development and the role of renewable energies sources can take Sociology 179. Sociology 179 will be offered in Fall 2009.

Sociology 115 Collaborative Design for Sustainable Technology, Prof. Melanie Dupuis
Spring 2009
A small lab course designed to help students work interdisciplinary teams to practice sustainable technology design.

EE80S Sustainability Engineering and Practice,
Profs. Ronnie Lipschutz, Steve Gliessmann, Melanie Dupuis, Ben Crow and Ali Shakouri
Summer 2009 (part of Summer Sustainability Institute http://summer.ucsc.edu/sustainability)
or Fall 2009
Topical introduction to principles and practices of sustainability engineering and ecological design with emphasis on implementation in society. Provides an understanding of basic scientific, engineering, and social principles in the design, deployment, and operation of resource-based human systems, and how they can be maintained for this and future generations. No specialized background in engineering, science, or social sciences is assumed. (General Education Code(s): T7-Natural Sciences or Social Sciences.)

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  • Biodiesel Production Through Algae Farms
  • The Potential of Algal Biodiesel
  • Biodiesel 1
  • Seeking Sustainability
  • UCSC Campus Biodiesel Proposal
  • Alternative Fuels: Cost and Taxation
  • CitySolidFuels: Biosolids as a Renewable Energy Source for CEMEX
  • Solar Panel Installation for College 8 Dorm Facilities
  • College 10
  • Home Town Energy Consulting Bio diesel consulting group
  • Passive Solar Action, Inc- A Consultancy and Marketing Firm Specializing in Passive Solar Design Implementation
  • Cowell Dorm Window Replacement
  • Solar Water Heater Construction and Education
  • Proposal for Hybrid Initiatives
  • Instituting Renewable Solar Energy Sources in Santa Cruz County
  • Alternative fuel for coal for Cemex
  • PV for You and Me
  • Solar Schools: Teaching the youth of America the importance of renewable energy
  • Renewable Work-out
  • Solar Kiosk Proposal
  • Solar Incentives
  • Solar Hot Water At UCSC
  • Solatubes in Schools
  • Stevenson House 3 Energy Retrofit 
  • Watsonville Solar Project

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Any confirmed academic dishonesty including but not limited to copying reports or cheating on exams, will result in a no-pass or failing grade. You are encouraged to read the campus policies regarding academic integrity. Examples of cheating include (but are not limited to):

  • Copying results or other information during in-class activities or final.
  • Submitting a report that is not your own work.
  • Using material from internet, books, journals, other people’s reports without proper referencing

If there is any question as to whether a given action might be construed as cheating, see me before you engage in any such action.

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